Chess and Artificial Intelligence

Chess is a two-player board game, so it will be good to know the interlink between the chess and artificial intelligence. It is a turn-based abstract strategy game in which pieces made in unique shapes on a checkered chessboard properly move according to the rules to attack the opponent’s king and drive them into a checkmate situation where they cannot escape from the attack of my pieces. Chess, which is estimated to have been enjoyed from about six centuries ago, boasts a tremendous history, and the chess population is estimated to be hundreds of millions. It is a representative strategy game in which the number of cases must be counted and is classified as a mind sport along with Go, requiring a high level of intelligence. However, artificial intelligence has begun to intervene in chess, which has been played only by humans for a long time, and the dynamics of chess is changing.

Development of Artificial Intelligence

The development of artificial intelligence for chess dates back a very long time. After numerous attempts and long research, artificial intelligence has advanced greatly, and computer scientists have succeeded in creating chess artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence, which can analyze huge amounts of data in a short time and come up with the best case numbers, has led to a point where it is no longer possible for humans to beat artificial intelligence. Even an artificial intelligence chess game was created with the ability to understand the opponent’s skill and match it to that skill. Deep Blue, a chess artificial intelligence program invented by IBM, is widely regarded as one of the most successful chess AIs. In 1997, Deep Blue was noted by the world for defeating Russia’s reigning World Chess Champion, Garry Kasparov; 20 years is an incredibly long time in the world of artificial intelligence, which is developing at a tremendous speed, and it also means that much more progress has been made now. These days, various artificial intelligences have been developed by many different companies: it is a reality that artificial intelligence dominates international chess competitions, beating many human professional chess players.

Chess AI Function

Then, how does Deep Blue or another chess AI function? The program analyzes the current board configuration and considers all possible moves. Then, based on its forecasts, it selects the action that is most likely to produce the best result. In this method, the program learns itself on its prior knowledge and experience to acquire new abilities and methods. The advancements made in chess AI have had far-reaching effects on the artificial intelligence and computer science industry as a whole. Many branches of artificial intelligence, including deep learning and reinforcement learning, draw from chess AI studies because the game is well-suited to modeling human intelligence.

Chess AI still Needs Improvement

However, chess AI still needs improvement. While artificial intelligence has made amazing strides in the game of chess, there are parts in that human players still have significant advantages. For instance, people excel at spotting patterns and making intuitive decisions without much amount of data. Also, artificial intelligence tends to be focused on short-term profits, while humans are better at planning and implementing long-term goals. Therefore, many professionals predict that the future’s top chess players will be those who can most skillfully combine human and computer intelligence. Centaur chess is one such example; in this variant, human players join up with computer programs to take on other human-computer teams in matches. The human competitor in these games plans the overall strategy and makes snap decisions, while the artificial intelligence takes care of the finer tactical details. In 2005, a team consisting of human players and computers won a major chess tournament using this strategy.

The possibility for new insights into the game of chess is another exciting aspect of the junction of chess and artificial intelligence. For instance, chess games from legendary players like Bobby Fischer and Mikhail Tal have been analyzed by computers to reveal previously undisclosed strategies and tactics. The game and its history have been studied more thoroughly, and as a result, new chess players have been inspired: advances in artificial intelligence have increased the level of the game of chess itself.

Chess AI Game

Chess is no longer a human-to-human game. Research on artificial intelligence is constantly ongoing, and the capabilities of artificial intelligence are developing day by day. Also, even though humans are better than artificial intelligence in some parts, everyone also knows that it is only a matter of time before they surpass human capabilities. It is not the case just in chess. AlphaGo, artificial intelligence for Go made by Google, beat Lee Se-dol 9-dan a few years ago. Artificial intelligence is being used in a variety of fields, even if it is not necessarily a game. The dramatic development of AI can be evaluated positively in terms that human convenience will increase through it, but being careful is necessary so that humans do not get threatened due to artificial intelligence.

By: Junho Jang

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